北朝鲜发射火箭对民用航空的影响

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今天(2月7日)上午,朝鲜利用火箭进行了卫星发射,那么就看看这一事件对航空的影响。

2月3日,韩国当局发布了航行通告NOTAM,
030946 RKRRYNYX
(A0170/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QRPCA/IV/NBO/W/000/999/ 3542N12442E030 A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330
D)2230-0330
E)TEMPO PROHIBITED AREA ACT DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK :
AREA BOUNDED BY 360400N1243000E-360400N1245400E -351900N1245400E- 351900N1243000E TO
THE BEGINNING.
RMK : MISSILE DEBRIS WILL FALL IN THIS AREA.
F)SFC G)UNL)

030946 RKRRYNYX
(A0171/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QRPCA/IV/NBO/W/000/999 /3249N12439E043
A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330
D)2230-0330
E)TEMPO PROHIBITED AREA ACT DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK:
AREABOUNDED BY 331600N1241100E-331600N1250900E -322100N1250800E- 322200N1241100E TO THE BEGINNING.
RMK : MISSILE DEBRIS WILL FALL IN THIS AREA.
F)SFC G)UNL)

030957 RKRRYNYX
(A0173/16 NOTAMN Q)RKRR/QARLC/IV/NBO/E/000/999/ 3531N12425E103
A)RKRR B)1602072230 C)1602250330
D)2230-0330
E)ATS RTE Y655 CLSD DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK F)SFC G)UNL)

根据这个NOTAM,可以看到韩国政府根据火箭第一级推进器和整流罩的坠落地点,
在2月8日到25日之间的上午中划定了两个飞行禁止区域,并且关闭了Y655航路。
具体区域的地图如下:

现在去FAA的网站又查了一下,更新后的NOTAM如下:
A0200/16 - TEMPO PROHIBITED AREA ACT DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK:
AREA BOUNDED BY 331600N1241100E-331600N1250900E-322100N1250800E-
322200N1241100E TO THE BEGINNING.
RMK : MISSILE DEBRIS WILL FALL IN THIS AREA. SFC - UNL, 07 FEB 01:45 2016 UNTIL
14 FEB 03:30 2016. CREATED: 07 FEB 01:46 2016

A0194/16 - TEMPO PROHIBITED AREA ACT DUE TO MISSILE LAUNCHING BY DPRK :
AREA BOUNDED BY
360400N1243000E-360400N1245400E- 351900N1245400E-351900N1243000E TO
THE BEGINNING.
RMK : MISSILE DEBRIS WILL FALL IN THIS AREA. SFC - UNL, 06 2345-2359, 07 0000-0330,
08 2230-2359, 09-13 0000-0330 2230-2359, 14 0000-0330, 06 FEB 23:45 2016 UNTIL
14 FEB 03:30 2016. CREATED: 06 FEB 23:50 2016

同时菲律宾当局也发表了相关的NOTAM
040803 RPLLYNYX
(B0521/16 NOTAMN Q)RPHI/QARLC/IV/NBO/E/000/999/ 1820N12512E207
A)RPHI B)1602072130 C)1602250400
D) 2130-0400
E) DUE TO SECOND STAGE OF NORTH KOREA ROCKET LAUCH WI THE
AREA BOUNDED BY 1944N12353E、1943N12451E、1700N12448E、1701N12352E THE FLW RTE SEGMENTS ARE CLSD:
1)M501 BTN OMDOB AND BEDIP
2)A590 BTN GURAG AND MUPOB
3)R597 BTN SKATE AND SARSI
4)A582 BTN BISIG AND SARSI
ALTN RTE:
- MEVIN B462 (INBOUND MANILA FIR)
- N884 LEBIX (OUTBOUND MANILA FIR)
- OTHER RTE SUBJECT TO ATC APPROVAL.)
预计火箭第二级推进器将会坠落到菲律宾附近,
因此航路M501,A509,R597,A582将会被关闭,
代替的航路为入境时的MEVIN B462,出境时的N884 LEBIX,
具体见下图的红色区域。

日本国土交通省根据这些信息发布了这个资料

因此日本航空公司和全日空对一些航班的飞行路线进行了变更,
比如全日空的发表,飞往马尼拉的航班ANA869和ANA820,飞往新加坡的ANA802,
飞往雅加达的ANA,飞往吉隆坡的ANA816受到影响,
日航的发表为雅加达航线JL720,马尼拉航线JL741和JL746受到影响,
飞行时间将会增加5-10分钟左右。

迂回的飞行路线可以在这篇报道中看到,

蓝色线为通常的路线,红色的点线为这次设置的临时飞行路线,避开了红色的危险区域。